e-rph 20, jun. 17 | ISSN 1988-7213 | revista semestral
  páginas | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7
e-rph nº 20, junio 2017
Intervención | Experiencias
Terremotos y reconstrucción. Proyectos y experiencias de Italia | Lucia Serafini


Ilustración 09. Figura 9. Ofena, reconstruction Plan. The interventions in the historic center (L. Serafini).

The pilot projects of each Plan focussed on restoring buildings symbolising the local communities, often monuments of real artistic and documentary value. Initially requested by the Mission Engineering Structure, these projects actually sought to determine the most useful methodological approach for the entire Plan, using the restoration techniques applied to an individual building-monument in order to anticipate guidelines and developments for the future. This was done in the pilot projects for Castelvecchio Subequo and Ofena, among others, which focussed on buildings of different sizes and locations but all of which were promising in terms of their quality and quantity for the entire reconstruction plan for their towns, for which they aspire to be critical and methodological syntheses. In Castelvecchio, the pilot project was applied to the baronial palace, a building complex built around a massive 12th-13th century keep. It was proposed that it be used as the town hall offering services to residents, in order to attract citizens to the town centre, as well as house institutions that are currently located outside the original centre. In Ofena, the project focussed on a Franciscan convent south of the historic centre, in an extraordinary landscape outside of town. In this case, its recovery as a museum, exhibition centre and recreation complex, suited to the building’s complex stratification makes an indispensable contribution to re-establishing a network of relationships between the centre and the surrounding area, which has been needed for a long time, and that only a preservation focus opened to the government of transformation can, in this like other cases, support and guarantee (Serafini-Varagnoli, 2012: 186-19).

Ilustración 10. Figura 10. Ofena, Franciscan convent: restoration and reuse project (L. Serafini).

Ilustración 11. Figura 11. Ofena, Franciscan convent: restoration and reuse project (L. Serafini).

Ilustración 12. Figura 12. Ofena, Franciscan convent: restoration and reuse project (L. Serafini).

4.- Conclusions

As we have said, the Abruzzo reconstruction plan projects are far from completed, if they ever will be. If we look back on the errors made in the post-World War II period, we see that the bureaucracy wanted local administrations to handle the executive phase, with all its risks of delays, changes made along the way and possible distortion of the original proposals. We can learn a valuable lesson from this that is far from surpassed by the events that at the time of writing continue to shake up the central regions of Italy and add more arguments to those made here. This lesson is precious because, paradoxically, the ruins produced by the earthquake offer the possibility to bring new arguments to the local construction culture, but also because the earthquake confirms their absolute necessity. So, once again, we need to rethink how we manage our heritage in the perspective of caring for it in every way.

This care might even form a starting point for the Guidelines that are being written for the reconstruction following the Amatrice earthquake of August 2016. It is clear that reconstruction is needed, that buildings must be rebuilt where they stood; that memory must not be removed from the places, or from the people who live in those places; that rebuilding must be based on modern earthquake-proof methods while respecting the specific local identities that have to be re-examined in a measured and pragmatic manner. This means not only rebuilding but also marking the beginning of a period of earthquake risk prevention that is itself the first form of care for both our constructed and natural heritage.

páginas | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Universidad de Granada
Departamento de Historia del Arte
Observatorio del Patrimonio Histórico Español
Proyecto de Investigación de Excelencia HUM 620
Dpto. Hª del Arte - Facultad de Filosofía y Letras - Universidad de Granada - Campus Universitario de la Cartuja, s/n - 18071 Granada (España) Tel. 650 661 370 - 958 241 000 (Ext. 20292) - Fax 958 246 215 - info@revistadepatrimonio.es

Licencia Creative Commons
Revista de patrimonio e-rph por www.revistadepatrimonio.es se encuentra bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 3.0 Unported. Permisos que vayan más allá de lo cubierto por esta licencia pueden encontrarse en www.revistadepatrimonio.es.
Diseño web y posicionamiento SEO Logo Alto Servicios